One of the first Australia facts was that Australia was inhabited by the Indigenous peoples of Australia before the European settler's arrived. Aboriginal people inhabited the whole of Australia. There were many Indigenous neighborhoods with their own distinctive lifestyles and religious, and cultural traditions reflecting a deep connection with the land and environment. Another one of the Australia Facts is that hundreds of separate languages were spoken by the Indigenous peoples. Indigenous people make up 2.4% of the total Australian population. One of the Australia facts pertaining to event's of today is that English is now the national and official language of Australia. All Australians are encouraged to read and speak English. The Commonwealth Government provides up to 510 hours of English language classes to eligible migrants through the Adult Migrant English Program.
One of many Australia facts concerning the Australian government is that Australian national flag was declared the flag of Australia under the Flags Act 1953. The Australian Aboriginal flag and the Torres Strait Islander flag were proclaimed as flags of Australia under Section 5 of the Flags Act 1953 and the Australian Defence Force flag was proclaimed on 14 April 2000.One of many Australia facts concerning tourism is that In 2004 more than five million tourists visited Australia. The top 10 sources were: New Zealand, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Singapore, China, Korea, Malaysia, Germany and Hong Kong. Australia's trade in goods and services was valued at almost $311 billion in 2003–04, or 1 per cent of total world trade. Overall, Australia's largest trading partners were Japan, the United States, China, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.Environmental Australia facts include that Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth. Its interior has one of the lowest rainfalls in the world and about three-quarters of the land is arid or semi-arid. Its fertile areas are well-watered, however, and these are used very effectively to help feed the world. Sheep and cattle graze in dry country, but care must be taken with the soil. Some grazing land became desert when the long cycles that influence rainfall in Australia turned to drought.